Book - Mindset: The New Psychology of Success

The Mindsets

  • Alfred Binet invented IQ tests to improve education system in France at the time.

  • Gene expression requires input from the environment to work properly.

  • How people achieve expertise is not some fixed prior ability, but purposeful engagement - Robert Sternberg.

  • There two broad categories to which people fall under,

    • Fixed mindset - thinks one's intelligence is something very basic about

      onself and is thus fixed which one cannot change very much.

    • Growth mindset - thinks that one can change and grow and get smarter along

      the process.

Inside the Mindsets

  • Fixed mindset

    • Dislikes change

    • Needs validation and thinks

  • Growth mindset

    • Relishes challenges which can stretch them

    • Not afraid to fail and learn from mistakes

  • Quote from 1960s

    Becoming is better than being

  • Coping with failure without thinking that it is a fixed state one's fated to is one of the hallmarks of a growth mindset

  • Growth mindset allows people to value what they are doing _regardless of the outcome.

The truth about ability and accomplishment

  • Thomas Edison, Mozart, Darwin and countless others spent a great deal of time labouring and perfecting their works which we recognise today as productions of genius.

  • Growth mindset is about studying to learn and not just to ace tests.

  • Major part of gifted people with growth mindset is that their endless curiosity and challenge seeking.

  • Even art and artists when examined closely reveals how much training and effort goes into producing the masterworks. A great example would be Jackson Pollock.

  • Praise can be a harbinger of fixed mindset if it is directed at the results or talent and not the efforts.

Sports: The mindset of a champion

  • Character in sports

    Character is the ability to dig down and find the strength even when things are going against you

  • Mark of a champion is the ability to win when things are not quite right

  • Growth mindset people found success in doing their best, in learning and improving

  • Growth mindset people found setbacks motivating

  • Growth mindset people took charge of the processes that bring success and that which maintain it

  • Sports greatness,

    Even though the finest athletes are wildly competitive and want to be the best, greatness does not come from the ego of the fixed mindset, with its somebody–nobody syndrome.

Business: Mindset and Leadership

  • A company that cannot self-correct cannot thrive - example from Enron

  • The type of the leader at the helm of a company matters a lot.

  • Leaders who have the growth mindset, who are self-effacing, who constantly asked questions and had the ability to confront the most brutal answered had the most impact on their companies successes.

  • It is not about proving themselves but constantly trying to improve themselves.

  • Growth-minded leaders, have a belief in human potential and development - both their own and other people’s.

  • True self-confidence is "the courage to be open - to welcome change and new ideas regardless of their source"

  • Growth minded managers believe that skills are learnable, including negotiation skills.

Relationships: Mindsets in Love (or not)

  • When people had fixed mindset, they felt judged and labeled by rejection

  • Fixed mindset people are set on hurting

  • To understand all is to forgive all

    Tout comprendre c'est tout pardonner

  • Growth mindset people care more about understanding, forgiving and moving on

  • Growth mindset can be applied to yourself, your partner and the relationships themselves

  • Thinking following is a destructive in a relationship,

    “If we need to work at it, there’s something seriously wrong with our relationship.”

  • Daniel Wile, a relationship expert,

    choosing a partner is choosing a set of problems The trick is to acknowledge each other's limitations, and build from there

Parents, teachers, and coaches: Where do mindsets come from?

  • Praising efforts rather than innate ability is a better way to go about giving recognition for kids.

  • Offering constructive criticism is the best course of action.

  • Teachers should not be judgemental.

  • Great teachers love to learn and teaching is a way of learning. Feynmann believed in the same concept.

  • Coach John Wooden,

    “You have to apply yourself each day to becoming a little better. By applying yourself to the task of becoming a little better each and every day over a period of time, you will become a lot better.”

Changing mindsets

  • Keeping track of the internal monologue is pretty important.

  • Thinking differently has to be inculcated for a growth mindset.

  • A growht mindset approach can be applied for learning growth mindset as well!

  • All of us both mindsets. So it is important to understand what triggers each type.

  • Things to always keep in mind,

    What are the opportunities for learning and growth today? For myself? For the people around me?

    When, where, and how will I embark on my plan?

    When, where, and how will I act on my new plan?

    What do I have to do to maintain and continue the growth?

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